3 Types of HVAC Systems: What You Need to Know

When it comes to heating and cooling your home there are many options available such as split systems, hybrid systems, ductless systems & packaged heating & air systems. Learn more about each type & how they work.

3 Types of HVAC Systems: What You Need to Know

When it comes to heating and cooling your home, there are a variety of options available. From split systems to hybrid systems, ductless systems, and packaged heating and air systems, there are a number of different HVAC units that can be used to keep your home comfortable. Each type of system has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it's important to understand the differences between them before making a decision. The most common type of HVAC system used in residential buildings is the split system.

This system consists of two separate components, one for heating and one for cooling, and they use a traditional thermostat to control the temperature of the entire structure. The heating unit is typically located in a basement, utility closet, or other indoor storage space and runs on gas. It uses an evaporator or fan to push heat through the building's ducts. The cooling system is located outside and is connected to the ducts of a building through a series of tubes.

It uses compressors, coils, and refrigerant to create cold air, and a fan directs warm air out and away from the building. A hybrid HVAC system has the same structure and cooling unit as a split system, but it doesn't rely solely on gas to generate heat. While your heater can burn gas, it can also switch to electric power. Electric heating is usually slower and less powerful than gas heating, but this option gives building owners greater control over their energy consumption and can help reduce energy costs in milder climates.

Packaged heating and cooling systems

are less common than split systems, but their smaller size makes them more suitable for small buildings that lack additional storage space. The heating and cooling components are housed in a single unit and are usually stored on a roof, in an attic, or near the foundation of the building.

Packaged HVAC systems connect to a building's supply and return ducts, often through a single hole in the wall. Depending on the climate, building owners may choose to install a packaged heat pump containing evaporator coils or an air conditioner packaged with an air controller with optional thermal elements.

Ductless mini-split systems

are installed in individual rooms and are common accessories in multi-family homes, office buildings, and hotel rooms. Also known as minislit systems, these electrical units include an outdoor compressor and condenser, a refrigerant, an indoor air treatment unit, a heat pump, power cables, and a thermostat for each zone. Copper tubing connects indoor and outdoor components, and a compressor can be connected to up to nine indoor air handling units.Heat pumps, when combined with air controllers, provide excellent heating and cooling.

Heat pumps work to carry heat, which means that the device also works to extract hot air from your home during the summer. When combined with an air controller, this process can change during the winter to provide total comfort all year round. A hybrid split system is another option that is similar to the split HVAC system mentioned above. This type of system is very energy efficient due to its hybrid electric heating system which gives homeowners the choice between gas power or electric power to heat their home. This air conditioning system is also controlled by a thermostat located inside the house and causes air to pass through the ducts of the house. The most important part of your HVAC installation process will be hiring an HVAC contractor.

When it comes to such a large investment, it's important to compare quotes, talk to 3 or 4 reputable local contractors, and feel comfortable with your decision. At Blair's Air we have been serving Pinellas County and the South Tampa area since 1974 and are dedicated to providing individualized service to ensure that you are 100 percent satisfied with our work. If you have any questions about HVAC services or would like more information about any of these types of systems, call us today or schedule a service appointment online.

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