Your air conditioning system is much more than the outdoor unit that most people see on the side of their house. HVAC stands for Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning, so this system includes all of the different components of your specific system. Your climate system heats and cools your home through a series of components that may include heating and air conditioning components, ducts, and a thermostat for control. Many homes in North America use split-system air conditioners, often referred to as “central air.”Air conditioning systems do more than just cool indoor air.
They can also control the humidity, air quality, and airflow inside your home. So before answering the question of how air conditioners work, it is important to understand what a typical system consists of. An HVAC unit is responsible for heating and cooling the air in your building and for providing ventilation to allow moisture to escape. Your HVAC unit includes the boiler, the air conditioning unit (if you have one), and any ventilation ducts or grilles designed to release moisture. While all HVAC units refer to air conditioning units, not all air conditioning units are HVAC units.
If you want to upgrade or replace your cooling system, the air conditioning options available today can help you stay cool and save money for many years to come. As an expert in the field of HVAC systems, I'm here to provide you with a comprehensive guide on what an AC system includes. An AC system is composed of several components that work together to provide you with a comfortable indoor environment.
Heating ComponentsThe heating components of an AC system are responsible for providing warmth during cold weather. These components include a furnace, boiler, or heat pump that heats up the air in your home. The heated air is then distributed throughout your home via ducts or vents.
Air Conditioning ComponentsThe air conditioning components of an AC system are responsible for cooling down the air in your home during hot weather.
These components include an evaporator coil, condenser coil, compressor, and expansion valve. The evaporator coil absorbs heat from the indoor air and transfers it to the condenser coil outside. The compressor then compresses the refrigerant gas and sends it through the expansion valve where it is cooled down before being sent back into the evaporator coil.
DuctsDucts are responsible for distributing heated or cooled air throughout your home. They are usually made from metal or plastic and are connected to vents in each room of your home.
The ducts are connected to your AC system's blower fan which pushes the heated or cooled air through them.